National Khural
About Buryatia

The Republic of Buryatia is a federal subject of Russian Federation and a part of Siberian Federal Circuit. The city of Ulan-Ude is the administrative, economic and cultural centre of the republic. The railroad distance from the city of Ulan-Ude to Moscow is 5519 km, and to the Pacific Ocean is 3500 km.

The Republic of Buryatia was established in 1923. Its area is 351.3 thousand km2. The republic is located in the southern part of Eastern Siberia, south and east of Baikal Lake.

It is bounded by Mongolia to the south, Tuva Republic to the south-west, Irkutsk Region to the north-west and Chita Region to the east. There are 21 municipal regions, 2 urban districts, 273 urban and rural settlements in the territory of Buryatia. The number of resident population as on January 1, 2013 was 971.8 thousand; the average population density is 3.0 per km2. National composition of the republic according to the 2010 Census: Russians - 66.1 %, Buryats - 30%, Ukrainians - 0.6%, others - 3.3%. The small indigenous minorities live in the Republic of Buryatia: Evenks - 0.3%, Soyots - 0.4% of the total population.

The climate in Buryatia is distinctly continental, with cold winters and hot summers. Winters are cold, with dry frosts and little snow. Springs are windy, with late light frosts and almost without precipitation. Summers are short, with hot days and cool nights, with heavy rains in July and August. Autumns come gradually, without sharp changes of weather; sometimes autumns can be long and warm. The average temperature in summer is 18.5C above zero, in winter 22C below zero, and yearly average temperature is 1.6C below zero. Average annual precipitation: 244 millimetres. The major part of Baikal Lake (about 60% percent of the lake’s shoreline) is in the territory of Buryatia. It is the deepest freshwater lake in the world with the length of 636 km and width varying from 25 to 79 km. The total shore length of Baikal is 2100 km, and the water area is 31500 km2. The maximum depth is 1637 m; the average depth is 730 m. Baikal Lake is a natural reservoir of one fifth of the world’s high-quality surface fresh water. It hosts 2500 species of animals and fish, 250 of which are endemic (can be found only at Baikal Lake).

The Republic of Buryatia is one of the most prospective regions in Russia in regard to tourism and recreational potential. The favourable geographical location, wealth of historical, cultural and natural resources, existing transport system connecting the republic with Russian regions and foreign countries, stable ecological situation, peaceful coexistence of different religions and increasing popularity of Baikal Lake advantage tourism.